Faculty Course Reserves
Access Services’ goal is to ensure that required or supplemental readings are available and accessible to enrolled students while complying with U.S. Copyright Law.
Kenyon College Library and Information Services department (LBIS) recognizes the importance of intellectual property to the creation and dissemination of knowledge. In fulfilling its ethical and legal obligations, Kenyon LBIS strives to comply with copyright laws, regulations, and agreements in the responsible use of information for teaching and learning. To that end, Kenyon LBIS seeks to provide a balance between the "fair use" of information for these purposes and the right of the owners of the information to exercise reasonable control of its use.
All members of the Kenyon community should work together to comply with U.S. copyright law (Title 17, U.S.C.). Those who disregard the copyright compliance guidelines of Kenyon LBIS place themselves at risk for possible legal action and may incur personal liability. Furthermore, Kenyon LBIS reserves the right to refuse service if, in its judgment, providing that service would involve violation of U.S. copyright law.
The purpose of this website is to provide the Kenyon community with information and guidance on copyright compliance relating to reserves. The information provided is not legal advice. If you are seeking legal assistance please contact a legal professional. For a more in depth information and background on copyright law for education please see the copyright libguide.
Faculty have two workflow options for posting materials to e-reserves. Both options require that all materials are evaluated to determine whether permission needs to be secured prior to use. There are several excemptions under copyright law that allow usage without obtaining permission, such as fair use and the public domain.
- Access Services will scan, post, and pay copyright fees as needed.
- Faculty can post, evaluate for fair use, obtain permission and pay necessary fees as needed on their own. Access Services can be contacted for assistance with obtaining permissions, but this should be done before items are posted.
Step 1: Any item posted must:
Step 2: Evaluate the material to determine copyright status
Step 3: Evaluate whether the material falls under Fair Use
Step 4: Obtain Permissions
Digital Reserves Platforms
Both of the following options are easily accessible by students and provide a way to share assigned course materials, such as a small portion of a book or a journal article.
E-Reserves is Kenyon's electronic reserve system. It allows for the sharing of files between the instructor and students in a given course and can be linked to your course LibGuide. Many file types are supported, including images, word processing files, and audio files. Most often, E-Reserves is used to provide PDFs of required readings or persistent links to journal articles.
Moodle is Kenyon's course management system. For a full description please see the CIP Moodle page. For the purpose of disseminating digital course materials, Moodle is much more robust than the electronic reserve system in terms of the variety of features and level of control it provides the professor to modify page layout, add different elements, etc.
Framework for Analysis:
- Is the work protected by copyright law?
- Is there a specific exception in copyright law that governs my particular use?
- Is there a license that covers my use?
- Is my use covered under "Fair Use"?
- Do I need permission from the copyright holder to use the material?
These tools are meant to assist the user in understanding and the process of considering fair use. They cannot guarantee that an item is in the Public Domain or that a usage does not impinge on copyright. Each of the factors should be weighed so that the rights of the copyright holder are balanced with societal needs.
Linking to Articles/Journals/E-Content
When posting content, first check to see if we have access to an electronic copy of the work. If we have access to the item, the permalink/stable URL can be posted without obtaining copyright permissions because the item is already licensed through the library collection. It is considered copyright best practice to post links versus actual content in order to avoid problems with copyright and licensing restrictions. Access can be found by searching the library catalog. Please note that some e-content can only be accessed by one user at a time.
Permissions should be sought before posting a work to electronic reserves or course management system.
One of the first places a person can look to obtain permissions is the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC). The CCC offers easily accessible copyright licenses and content solutions. Generally, licenses are granted for a fee based on a per page, per user basis. Permissions through the CCC can often be secured immediately while it may take from 6-12 weeks if contacting the rightsholder directly. When applying for permissions check to see if the rightsholder lists a response time.
Contacting Rightsholder Directly
If permissions cannot be obtained through the CCC, the rightsholder must be contacted directly. Rights can be held by various entities so when requesting permissions you will want to ensure that you are contacting the current rightsholder. Typically if a publisher holds the rights to a work there will be a form accessible on their website that requires you to fill out bibliographic information to obtain permission. If they do not have a form or you are contacting the author/another individual or institution who holds the rights you will want to have bibliographic information on hand such as:
Title of Item
Copyright Year / Location
Total number of pages used
Semester (i.e. Fall 2016)
Number of students in the course
It is also helpful to mention where and how the work will be accessed; i.e. a course management system like Moodle or a password protected electronic reserve system like E-Reserves.
To whom it may concern,
I'm writing from Kenyon College to request permission to use a portion of Insert Title of Work Here. The selection I would like to use is "Chapter or selection title," pp. xx-xx. The text will be posted to a password protected course management system, Moodle, for Name of Class (CRN101) during the (fall/spring) semester of 20xx. The text would only be accessible by the xx students enrolled in the course. Once the course concludes the Moodle course is archived and no longer available for student access.
The bibliographic information of the source being used is listed below.
Title: Insert Title of Work Here
Author/Editor: Lastname, First
Chapter/Selection Title: List the Chapter Title
(Chapter/Selection Author if different): Lastname, First
Page Numbers: 18-34
Total Number of Pages: 17
Publisher: List Publisher Name
Copyright Year: 2016
Thank you for your consideration and please let me know if there is any more information that you may require to process this request.
Make sure to keep records of correspondence and contracts.
Each scanned item posted to Moodle or E-Reserves must contain the Copyright Warning, the title and copyright pages, a clear scan of the selection, and full bibliographic information. When linking an item, best practice is to use the permalink/stable URL and all of the bibliographic information.
Alternatives/Permissions Denied/Too Expensive
If you are unsuccessful in obtaining permissions, the fees are too high, or the permissions have been denied by the rightsholder, LBIS will work with you to try to find a suitable alternative.
If the item has already been posted it needs to be removed immediately.
- LBIS can put a hard copy of the text on Print Reserves.
- Purchase a license for online access for future use.
- Work with LBIS to see if material can be adjusted to fall within fair use.
Print reserves are kept at the Circulation Desk on the second level of the Library. Students may use the materials one item at a time for up to 2 hours. Courses with print reserve items are listed in the CONSORT catalog under the “Reserves” tab.
Fines for print reserve materials are $1.00 an hour. There is no maximum fine.
- Types of items for Course Reserve
- Kenyon library books
- Consort copies of books (one semester at a time)
- Personal copies of books
- Photocopies that fall within copyright compliance
- No OhioLink/ILL materials
- No Course Packs
The materials may be sent through campus mail or dropped off at the circulation desk. Request forms must be completed in their entirety to be processed. Please allow up to 2 weeks to process requests.
Multimedia reserves (usually audio-visual material, but also music scores and other texts pertaining to music courses) are kept in the Multimedia Collections Room on the second level of the library. Students may check out one item at a time for up to 4-hours. Courses with multimedia items on reserve are listed in the CONSORT catalog under the “Reserves” tab.
Faculty may submit requests for items to go on reserve in the Multimedia Collections Room by emailing Graham Coursey at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Multimedia Room also facilitates screenings in the Olin Multimedia Theatre and in the Olin Auditorium. Requests to schedule class-related screenings may also be submitted to Graham Coursey by email.
For more information about print or digital reserves, contact:
Joan Nielson, email@example.com
Jennifer Beck, firstname.lastname@example.org